• This is probably the most glorious era for Barcelona. James I 
  • gained in the territorial expansion of the Crown of Aragon 
  • (where the County of Barcelona played a central role), 
  • with the conquest of Muslim domainsin Valencia and Mallorca. 
  • This has a huge impact in the city’s maritime trade, and during 
  • this time it would grow to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.

  • On the other hand, urban growth required the building of new 
  • walls to surround the city. They would be built in two stages, 
  • first from the 13th century, and later, during the fourteenth 
  • and fifteenth. Politically, the city also matured with the creation 
  • of Consell de Cent (Council of One Hundred – 13th Century). 
  • This Council would be (with some modifications throughout 
  • the years) the main organ of local government for nearly five 
  • centuries thereafter.

  • This was also the time of a flourishing gothic art, when many 
  • civic and religious building such as Santa Maria del Mar, 
  • the Royal Shipyards and the City Hall would be built. 
  • The arrival of the Black Death in 1348 had deep impacts 
  • on the city, and not only demographically. 

  • During these decades, the Jews were cruelly attacked, 
  • reaching a climax in 1391. Hard times were ahead for 
  • the city, with significant governmental disputes between 
  • the Busca (guilds and merchants) and the Biga (nobility), 
  • followed by the dramatic Catalan Civil War (1462 – 1472).

  • 13th – 15th Century
Santa Maria del Mar<br /><em>14th century</em>