• This was the time of the city’s greatest transformations 
  • (at least in the urban areas), thanks to the demolition of 
  • the medieval walls (in the mid-century), the construction 
  • of the Eixample, planned by Ildefons Cerdà, and the 
  • annexation of the surrounding towns. This was also a 
  • time of definitive industrialization in the city (Barcelona 
  • is a pioneer in Spain) with the arrival of the steam engine, 
  • the railway, and later on, electricity.

  • A stage of tremendous upheavals followed in the years 
  • of liberal revolutions, constant bullangues (riots), 
  • bombings, and the increasing role of the labour movement. 
  • Meanwhile, the Barcelona bourgeois got more important 
  • in every way. The celebration of the Universal Exposition 
  • of 1888 definitely helped this group’s aspirations.

  • 1833 – 1897
Plaça Reial<br /><em>19th century</em>