• This period was opened with the explosion of the City as 
  • one of the European Capitals of Modernism; which had 
  • actually began on its path almost a decade ago.

  • Architecture is the most tangible art of this Catalan modernism, 
  • and Antoni Gaudí is its best example.Meanwhile, some of 
  • the most important avenues and squares of the new Barcelona 
  • were built,such as Pl Catalunya, Diagonal, Passeig de Gràcia 
  • and Via Laietana.

  • The celebration of the International Exposition in 1929 
  • and the opening of the first Underground line helped this urban 
  • growth. But the city was also the most active and rebellious 
  • region in Spain, and the political and social tensions were 
  • constant. The best example is the Tragic Week of 1909, 
  • an antimilitarist disturbance that ended with the burning of 
  • several convents.

  • Finally, the City suffered excessively during the Spanish 
  • Civil War(1936 – 1939). It was victim, again, of a cruel aerial 
  • bombing by Franco’s rebellious army in 1938.

  • 1897 - 1939
Casa Martí. Els Quatre Gats<br /><em>1896</em>